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LIA PACS2: International Associated Laboratory
Push-Pull Alloys and Complex Compounds: From bulk properties to surface functions


 

Prof. Jean-Marie Dubois

 

Curriculum Vitae

 

Born July 14, 1950 in Laxou (France); French citizen.

"Ingenieur" ISIN (1973), "Docteur 3eme cycle" in Metallurgy (1975),
Doctor in Physics (1981).

Scientist at CNRS since 1977, Distinguished Director of Research since 2004.



Areas of scientific interest:

Structure and Properties of Metallic Glasses
Science and Applications of Quasicrystals and Complex Metallic Alloys.

 


Keywords:

Non-crystalline alloys and compounds: glasses, quasicrystals, liquid alloys.

Structure: diffraction, models, high-dim crystallography, numerical simulation.

Formation and stability: alloy design, phase transitions, phase selection and lattice
complexity.

Properties of quasicrystals: electronic structure, heat transport, solid-solid adhesion,
wetting, contact mechanics.

Applications of quasicrystals & complex intermetallics: mass production, powders and atomisation, coatings, sintering, application to energy savings, surfaces with reduced
adhesion.


Education:

1969:

Baccalaureat / A level in science.

1972:

University of Nancy, Bachelor in science
- Structural and mechanical properties of materials
- Mathematical principles of technology

1973:

University of Nancy, Master degree in materials science

1974:

Diplome d'Etudes Approfondies de Chimie Minerale et Metallurgie / cannot be translated to English

22.10.1975:

PhD thesis in Physics
Study of the e phase in Fe-C and Fe-X-Si melt spun alloys

29.04.1981:

State doctorate in Physics, National Polytechnic Institute of Lorraine (this degree, which could last for many years, does not exist anymore in France)

Study of the structure and hyperfine magnetic properties of amorphous transition metal-metalloid alloys

 

Jury: M. E. Bonnier (Chairman), Mrs Y. Calvayrac, MM. G. Beck, P.H. Gaskell, U. Gonser, J. Goulon, Chr. Janot, G. Le Caer.
Supervisor: G. Le Caer.

 

Career:

1974 - 1975

Young Scientist, French Ministry of Defense.

01.10.1977

Permanent position as junior fellow of CNRS.

01.10.1981

Promotion to "charge de recherche 1st class" at CNRS.

1982 - 1983

Visiting Scientist of the Cavendish Laboratory, University of Cambridge(G.B.).

01.10.1985

Director of Research at CNRS, 2nd class.

01.10.1996

Director of Research at CNRS, 1st class.

01.10.2004

Distinguished Director of Research at CNRS, rank A.

01.02.2012

Distinguished Director of Research at CNRS, rank B.

 

Major management responsibilities:

1978-today:

PhD supervisor of 29 doctor students. Partner or principal investigator in more than 20 collaborative projects with industry in France and Europe.

1985-2000:

Founder and leader of a research group dedicated to Non-Crystalline
Solids (depending of the year, about 10 permanent staff and 10 PhD students).

1989-1993:

Manager of the CNI/MAT project (intensive computing in materials science, (120 participants from 12 French laboratories)

1992-1999:

Director of a French priority program on quasicrystals and complex compounds (up to 130 scientists in 30 French laboratories).

1995-2000:

Scientific Director of the Materials Engineering Centre at Ecole des Mines de Nancy (220 persons).

2001-2004:

Director, Lab. of Materials Science and Engineering, Ecole des Mines, Nancy (90 staff members).

2001-2005:

Co-ordinator of Brite-Euram project no. 5188 (1992-1995) & Growth 2000 'Smart Quasicrystals'.

2003-today:

Project leader for the foundation and building of Institut Jean Lamour in Materials-Metallurgy-Nanosciences-Plasmas-Surfaces (total budget: 90 Meur, 28 400 m2).

2004-today:

Member of the working group and bureau of the so-called "Pole de Competitivite" MIPI (Innovative Materials-Intelligent Products, now called Materalia). Chairman of the Strategy Council of Materalia.

2005-2010:

Co-ordinator of the CMA (Complex Metallic Alloys) European Network of Excellence with 20 partners in 12 European Countries (345 scientists, 60 PhD students, budget: 7.3 Meur over 5 years).

2005-2012:

Founding director of Institut Jean Lamour (450 staff members, annual budget 21 Meur), a joint institute between CNRS and the University of Lorraine.

2012-2015:

Chairman Section 15 Solid-state chemistry - nanomaterials - processing of CoNRS (professional chamber in charge of the evaluation and ranking of all CNRS scientists in this area).

2014-today:

Director in charge of the coordination of research in the area of nanosciences and nanomaterials for the north-east regions of France (GDR C'Nano GE).

 

 

Authorship:

Author of more than 350 scientific articles (250 in refereed journals, which are listed in
Web of Science, 5800 citations, H=40), 19 book chapters, 6 books as editor and 2 monographs, 14 patents (+ 36 international extensions) in solid-state physics, materials
science and applications of quasicrystalline materials and complex metallic alloys.
Invited speaker at more than 120 international conferences and 90 seminars abroad.


Honours and Awards:

Overseas Fellow of Churchill College, University of Cambridge, U.K. (1982-1983).

Jean Rist Award, French Materials & Metallurgy Society, Paris (1983)

CNRS Bronze Medal (1984).

Grand Prix Aluminium Pechiney, Academie des Sciences, Paris (1986).

IBM Materials Science Award (1987).

Permanent Invited Professor, Dalian University of Technology, China (since 1997).

Honorary member of the Bolivian Society for Sciences (since 1998).

Xinghai Friendship Award for Foreign Experts, China (1999).

Yves Rocard Prize, French Physical Society (1999).     

Doctor Honoris Causa, Iowa State University, USA (since 2000).

STA Fellowship, Japan (2001).

Scientist of the Year 2005 in Lorraine, Le Nouvel Economiste (2005).

Chevalier dans l'Ordre des Palmes Academiques, French Ministry of Higher Education
(2006).

Doctor Honoris Causa, Federal University of Paraiba, Brazil (since 2006)

Robert Franklin Mehl 2007 Lecturer of the TMS, USA (2007).

Associate member of Academy de Stanislas, Nancy (since 2008).

Member of Lorraine Academy of Sciences, 1st section: math., physics & chemistry (since 2009).

Honorary member of Jozef Stefan Institute, Ljubljana, Slovenia (since 2011).

Golden Medal, City of Nancy, France (2012).

Permanent invited professor, Jozef Stefan International Post-Graduate School, Ljubljana, Slovenia (since 2014).

Invited professor, Tohoku University, Sendai, Japan (Nov.-Dec. 2014).


Organisation of international conferences and meetings:

1987:

Euroconference on Quasicrystals, Grenoble (120 participants, with C. Janot)

1888:

French Colloquium on Quasicrystals, Nancy (100 participants)

1992:

CNI/MAT 92 International workshop on Parallel Computing and Distributed
Resources in Materials Science, Nancy (150 participants; with F. Montoya and
H. Begorre
).

1995:

5th International Conference on Quasicrystals, Avignon (300 participants; with Francoise Cyrot-Lackmann).

1996:

International Workshop on Aperiodic Structures, Krakow (120 participants; with Janusz Wolny).

1996:

1st Intern. Conference on New Horizons of Quasicrystals, Ames, Iowa, USA,
(100 participants; with Alan Goldman, P.A. Thiel and D. Sordelet).

1997:

Fall Meeting of the French Metallurgy Society, Paris (400 participants).

1998:

MRS Fall Meeting 1998 Symposium on Quasicrystals, Boston, USA (160 participants; with P.A. Thiel, A.P. Tsai et K. Urban).

2003:

MAI 2003 Intern. Conference on Metallurgy, Arts and Informatics, Nancy (80 participants; with J.C. Duriez, J. Hardy et M. Thebault).

2003:

French-German Colloquium on Quasicrystals, Nancy (110 participants; with V. Fournee and H.-R. Trebin).

2005:

Kick-off meeting of the CMA Network of Excellence, Luxemburg
(140 participants).

2009:

1st Intern. Conference on Compex Metallic Alloys, Nancy (150 participants).

2011:

World Materials Perspectives Summit, Nancy (300 participants).

2014:

Les Cristaux de demain dans notre quotidien, 2014 Meeting of Lorraine
Sciences Academy.

2015:

World Materials Forum, Nancy (chairman of the scientific board).


Major research achievements:

  • First study of the hcp Fe-C(-Si) e-phase (1977)

  • Nanostructuration model of transition metal-metalloid glasses (1981)

  • Discovery of the first Al-based metallic glasses, patent (1982)

  • Chemical twinning model adapted to the atomic structure of transition metal-
    metalloid glasses (1984)

  • First, preliminary crystal model of Al-Mn quasicrystals based on neutron diffraction
    data (1986)

  • First in situ study of the reversible liquid-quasicrystal transition in Al-Cu-Fe alloys
    (1986)

  • First patent on potential applications of quasicrystals (1988)

  • Study of the low thermal conductivity of quasicrystals, application to thermal
    barriers, patent (1991)

  • First determination of the low friction coefficient of quasicrystals (1992)

  • First attempts to produce quasicrystals at industrial scale - 1000 kg/day (1992-94)

  • Two-colour symmetry of Penrose tilings, application to large unit cell approximants
    (1993)

  • Systematic investigation of the electronic partial densities of states in complex
    metallic alloys (1994-2010)

  • Experimental and theoretical investigation of the wetting and friction properties of
    complex metallic alloys; correlation to partial densities of states and to crystal
    complexity (1996-2011)

  • First systematic investigation of the surface energy of complex metallic alloys
    (2004-06)

  • Potential applications of complex metallic alloys to vacuum and aerospace
    technologies (2001-2011).

  • Re-interpretation of the transport and adhesion properties of Al-based complex
    intermetallics in terms of self-organised criticality (2011-present).

 

 

Short list of 30 selected publications and 1 patent:


Books:

  1. Useful Quasicrystals; J.M. DUBOIS, World Scientific, Singapour (2005),
    470 pages
    .

  2. Complex Metallic Alloys, Fundamentals and Applications; Eds. J.M. DUBOIS
    and E. BELIN-FERRE, Wiley (Weinheim, 2010), 409 p.

Articles in refereed international journals:

  1. Electron diffraction and Moessbauer studies of the e phase retained in splat-quenched Fe-C and Fe-C-Si alloys; J.M. DUBOIS, G. LE CAER, Acta
    Metallurgica 25, (1977), 609-618.

  2. Evaluation of hyperfine parameter distributions from overlapped Moessbauer spectra of amorphous alloys; G. LE CAER, J.M. DUBOIS, J. Phys E: Sci.
    Instruments 12-11, (1979), 1083-90.

  3. On experimental attenuation factors of the amplitude of the EXAFS
    oscillations in absorption, reflectivity and luminescence measurements;
    J. GOULON, C. GOULON-GINET, R. CORTES, J.M. DUBOIS, J. de Phys. (Paris) 43, (1982), 539-548.

  4. A model of the structure of metallic glasses based on chemical twinning;
    J.M. DUBOIS, P.H. GASKELL, G. LE CAER, Proc. Roy. Soc. Lond. A402, (1985),
    323-357.

  5. Preliminary neutron diffraction study of icosahedral quasicrystals using isomorphous substitution; J.M. DUBOIS, Chr. JANOT, J. PANNETIER, Phys.
    Lett. A155-4, (1986), 177-182.

  6. EXAFS study of the annealing effect on glassy Pd76B24: comparison with
    X-ray diffraction results and modelling;
    G. COCCO, S. ENZO, A. BALERNA, S. MOBILIO, J.M. DUBOIS, Phys. Rev., B 36-9 (1987) 4734-41.

  7. Formation of an icosahedral phase by crystallization of amorphous Al-Cu-V alloys; S. GARCON, P. SAINFORT, G. REGGAZONI, J.M. DUBOIS, Scripta Metallurgica, 21 (1987) 1493-98.

  8. Topological instabilities in metallic lattices and glass formation; J.M. DUBOIS,
    J. Less Common Metals 145 (1988), 309-326.

  9. Neutron diffraction approach to the atomic decoration of the Al-Mn
    icosahedral phase;
    Chr. JANOT, J. PANNETIER, J.M. DUBOIS, M. de BOISSIEU, Phys. Rev. Lett., 62-4 (1989), 450.

  10. Quasicrystalline low friction coatings; J.M. DUBOIS, S.S. KANG, J. von
    STEBUT, J. Mat. Sc. Lett., 10 (1991) 537-541

  11. Quasicrystals and crystalline phases in Al65Cu20Fe10Cr5 alloys; C. DONG,
    J.M. DUBOIS, J. Materials Science, 26 (1991) 1647-1654.

  12. Perfect and modulated quasicrystals in the system Al-Fe-Cu; M. AUDIER, Y. BRECHET, M. de BOISSIEU, P. GUYOT, Chr. JANOT, J.M. DUBOIS, Phil. Mag. B, 63-6 (1991) 1375-1393.

  13. The orthorhombic approximant phases of the decagonal phase; C. DONG,
    J.M. DUBOIS, S.S. KANG, M. AUDIER, Phil. Mag. B, 65-1 (1992) 107-126.

  14. Electronic distributions of Al-Mn and Al-Mn-Si alloys; E. BELIN, J. KOJNOK,
    A. SADOC, A. TRAVERSE, M. HARMELIN, C. BERGER, J.M. DUBOIS, J. Phys.:
    Cond. Matter, 4 (1992) 1057-1068.

  15. Structure of the quasicrystal approximant phase Al61.3Cu7.4Fe11.1Cr17.2Si3; S.S. KANG, B. MALAMAN, G. VENTURINI, JM. DUBOIS, Acta Cryst. B 48 (1992) 770-776.

  16. Application of quasicrystalline alloys to surface coating of soft metals; J.M. DUBOIS, S.S. KANG, Y. MASSIANI, J. Non Cryst. Solids, 153-154 (1993) 443-445.

  17. The applied physics of quasicrystals; J.M. DUBOIS, Scripta Physica, T49 (1993) 17-23.

  18. Two-colour Penrose tiling: application to the decagonal phase; X.Z. LI, J.M. DUBOIS, K.H. KUO Phil. Mag. Lett., 69-2 (1994) 93-98.

  19. Plasma sprayed quasicrystalline coatings with reduced adhesion for
    cookware;
    J.M. DUBOIS, A. PRONER, B. BUCAILLE, P. CATHONNET, C. DONG,
    V. RICHARD, A. PIANELLI, Y. MASSIANI, S. AIT-YAAZZA, E. BELIN-FERRE,
    Annales de Chimie, 19 (1994) 3-25.

  20. Quasicrystals. Reaching Maturity for Technological Applications; P.A. THIEL,
     J.M. DUBOIS, Materials Today, 2-3 (1999) 3-7.

  21. Aperiodic intermetallics: the example of quasicrystals; E. BELIN-FERRE, V. DEMANGE, J.M. DUBOIS, Crystallography Reviews 10 (2004) 111-179.

  22. A model of wetting on quasicrystals in ambient air; J.M. DUBOIS, J. Non Cryst.
    Sol., 334&335 (2004) 481-485.

  23. Wetting of aluminium-based complex metallic alloys; E. BELIN-FERRE, J.M. DUBOIS, Special issue of Zeitchrift fuer Metallkunde in the Honour of Knut Urban,
    Int. J. Mat. Res.  97-7 (2006) 985-995
    .

  24. Nanodomains due to phason defects at a quasicrystal surface; T. DUGUET,
    B. UNAL, J. LEDIEU, J.M. DUBOIS, V. FOURNEE, P.A. THIEL, Phys. Rev. Lett.,
    106
    (2011) 076101 1-4.

  25. So useful, those quasicrystals; J.M. DUBOIS, Israel J. Chem.  51 (2011) 1168-75.

  26. Quasicrystal-polymer composites for selective laser sintering technology;
    S. KENZARI, D. BONINA, J.M. DUBOIS, V. FOURNEE, Materials and Design, 35
    (2012) 691-95.

  27. Properties- and applications of complex metallic alloys, J.M. DUBOIS, Chem.
    Soc. Rev., 41 (2012) 6760-6777.

  28. Friction and solid-solid adhesion on complex metallic alloys; J.M. DUBOIS,
    E. BELIN-FERRE,
    Sci. Tech. Adv. Mater., 15 (2014) 034804 (20pp).

 

Patent:

  1. Coating materials made of aluminium alloys; J.M. DUBOIS, P. WEINLAND,
    French Patent
    no. 2635117, delivered on 23-04-1993, European Patent
    no. 0356287, delivered on 06-07-1994, U.S.A. Patent no. 5204191, delivered on
    20-04-1993, Japan Patent no. 508851/89 delivered on 02-08-1989, Canada
    Patent
    no. 607461, delivered on 06-12-1994, Malaysia Patent no. MY-106241-A, delivered on 29-04-1995, PCT Patent no. FR89/00403, delivered on 02-08-1989.

 

comments & suggestions to:  sanja fidler